Marigold flowers are made up of multiple layers of overlapping petals with the petals getting smaller and more condensed towards the centre of the flower, similar to that of a carnation. The blooms may be single or double coloured and can be varying hues of yellow, orange, red and maroon. Marigold is one of the most commonly grown flowers for garden decoration and extensively used as loose flowers for making garlands for religious and social functions. It has gained popularity amongst the gardeners on account of its easy culture and wide adaptability. Marigold requires mild climate for luxuriant growth and flowering. They can be planted in the beds for mass display or grown in pots. Marigold can be grown in a wide range of soils, as it is adapted in different soil types. The seedlings are easily transplanted and established in the field without much mortality. After transplanting, it takes 40-50 days to flower.
Growing guide for Marigold Gulzafri Yellow Seeds
Seeds should be sowed in pots, seed boxes or raised nursery beds.
They should be sown closely (6-8 cm row to row) and 2 cm deep, covered with thin layer of soil to allow germination.
After transplanting, a little water can be sprinkled over the soil.
The seeds germinate in 15-20 days.
Marigolds are susceptible to damping off (Rhizoctonia solani) and pests like collar rat, Sclerotium rolfsii, Botrytis cinerea, Powdery mildew and cucumber mosaic. The major symptoms of these pests include light brown spots on the lower leaves or on early seedlings. To prevent these diseases, ensure proper drainage and ventilation and avoid over watering.
Rich, well drained, and moist soils are best suited for marigolds.
You can choose either a bright or partial sunny spot.
They grow best in a temperature range between 20-30°C
Water the flowers regularly to keep them healthy. You can use either a water can or a spray.
how to harvest
For harvesting marigold, loose flowers are plucked when they attain full size depending upon the variety. Flowers should generally be harvested in the morning time. Irrigation of soil with water before plucking, gives better flower quality. Also, plucking of flowers regularly and removal of dried flowers enhances the yield.